Ron Baron’s Tesla Predictions Versus the Base Rate
On Tuesday Ron Baron appeared on CNBC and made some bold Tesla (TSLA) predictions.
Ron Baron’s Tesla Predictions
To summarize, Ron Baron believes in 2.5 years Tesla will achieve the following.
- By 2020, Tesla’s share price will be $1,000
- By 2020, Tesla will have $70 billion in revenue
- By 2020, Tesla will sell 1 million cars per year
- By 2020, Tesla will have $10 billion in operating profit
Tesla (TSLA) is already a large holding for Ron Baron and his fund company Baron Asset Management. Tesla’s stock has done well for them since their purchase in 2014. Because of this, Ron is making his predictions from an Inside View.
Sales Growth from the Inside View
Ron is focusing too much on how unique he believes Tesla to be.
This is not to say Ron and his team did not create financial models, develop forecasts for Tesla’s potential total addressable market, and predict Tesla’s future market share.
But they made their models and assumptions from an Inside view. The Inside View is prone to overly optimistic assumptions and overconfidence in one’s own abilities.
Ron Baron believes Tesla will grow its trailing twelve-month sales from $8.55 billion to $70 billion in 2.5 years. A compound annual growth rate of 131%.
Maybe Tesla achieves this.
But did anyone at Baron Asset Management ask, “In the history of publicly traded companies, across all sizes and industries, how many companies were able to grow their sales at a compound annual growth rate of 131% over 2.5 years?”
Sales Growth from the Outside View
Michael Mauboussin and his team at Credit Suisse created the Base Rate Book to help with the outside view. The Base Rate Book addresses our sales questions above.
Only 2.5% of all companies since 1950 have achieved a compound annual growth rate over 45% during a 3-year time span.
I’m willing to bet this rate drops below 1% for a CAGR greater than 100% over 3 years.
An even better Outside View is to see how many companies with sales numbers similar to Tesla’s have achieved a compound annual growth rate greater than 45% for 3 years?
Outside View for $7-12 Billion in Sales
The Base Rate Book also has sales data broken down into smaller cohorts.
Tesla had $8.55 billion in trailing twelve months sales which places it in the $7-12 billion sales cohort.
Only 0.7% of companies with $7-12 billion in existing sales were able to achieve a compound annual growth rate greater than 45% over 3 years.
Goal of the Fundamental Investor
From the introduction to the Base Rate Book
The objective of a fundamental investor is to find a gap between the financial performance implied by an asset price and the results that will ultimately be revealed. A useful analogy is pari-mutuel betting in horse racing. The odds provide the probability that a horse will win (implied performance) and the running of the race determines the outcome (actual performance). The goal is not to pick the winner of the race but rather the horse that has odds that are mispriced relative to its likelihood of winning.
As a result, investing requires a clear sense of what’s priced in today and possible future results. Today’s stock price, for example, combines a company’s past financial performance with expectations of how the company will perform in the future.[emphasis added]
The fundamental investor needs to compare their Inside View assumptions to the Outside View.
The fundamental investor needs to ask what has happened to other similar companies in this situation. Then determine if the current stock price and its implied assumptions represent a mispriced bet or an overpriced bet?
Is Tesla a Mispriced Bet or an Over Priced Bet?
Tesla’s share price is trading at an all-time high near $380 per share. Tesla’s current market capitalization is $62 billion. This is greater than Ford’s at $44 billion and General Motors’ at $52 billion.
Ford and GM’s trailing twelve-month revenues are $153 billion and $170 billion respectively. Tesla had $8.5 billion.
Ron Baron is predicting Tesla will grow its sales at a compound annual growth rate of 131% over the next 2.5 years.
Only 0.7% of companies with $7-12 billion in existing sales has ever achieved a CAGR above 45% over 3 years since 1950.
Given Tesla’s current share price, market capitalization, and implied assumptions about its future does Ron Baron’s bet look mispriced or over priced?